Bitcoin

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Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency created by developer Satoshi Nakamoto. It does not rely on a central server to process transactions or store funds. There are a maximum of 2,099,999,997,690,000 Bitcoin elements (called satoshis), which are currently most commonly measured in units of 100,000,000 known as BTC. Stated another way, no more than 21 million BTC can ever be created.

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                                                  |:{{{6}}} }}, }} }}{{#if:  January 2018 
    |{{#if:  {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
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}}
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}}

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          |{{#if: {{#ifeq:|us||yes}}|{{#expr: {{{3}}} }} {{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} |{{#switch:{{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
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 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
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}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

|{{#switch:{{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr: {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
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 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
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}}
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|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
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}}
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|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
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}}
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|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
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}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

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|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
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}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

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 |{{#expr:(((10.5+ {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
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 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
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}}
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|Missing required parameter 1=month!

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|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} |{{#switch:{{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

|{{#switch:{{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr: {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} <0

  |{{#ifexpr:(( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
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 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)!=( {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
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  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )

   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
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}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+ {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)mod 12)+1}}

 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}|1=January|2=February|3=March|4=April|5=May|6=June|7=July|8=August|9=September|10=October|11=November|12=December|Incorrect required parameter 1=month!}}|Missing required parameter 1=month!}} {{#expr: {{{3}}} }},}} January 2018 |{{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} |{{#switch:{{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

|{{#switch:{{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr: {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} <0

  |{{#ifexpr:(( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
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 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
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}} )round 0)!=( {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
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}} )

   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
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History

Main article: History

A cryptographic system for untraceable payments was first described by David Chaum in 1982.<ref>David Chaum, Blind signatures for untraceable payments, Advances in Cryptology - Crypto '82, Springer-Verlag (1983), 199–203.</ref> In 1990 Chaum extended this system to create the first cryptographic anonymous electronic cash system.,<ref>{{

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Bitcoin is administered through a decentralized peer-to-peer network.<ref name="whitepaper"/> Cryptographic technologies and the peer-to-peer network of computing power enables users to make and verify irreversible, instant online Bitcoin payments, without an obligation to trust and use centralized banking institutions and authorities. Dispute resolution services are not made directly available. Instead it is left to the users to verify and trust the parties they are sending money to through their choice of methods.

Bitcoins are issued according to rules agreed to by the majority of the computing power within the Bitcoin network. The core rules describing the predictable issuance of Bitcoins to its verifying servers, a voluntary and competitive transaction fee system and the hard limit of no more than 21 million BTC issued in total.<ref name="whitepaper"/>

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Services

Main article: Wallet

Bitcoins are sent and received through software and websites called wallets. They send and confirm transactions to the network through Bitcoin addresses, the identifiers for users' Bitcoin wallets within the network.<ref name="whitepaper"/>

Bitcoin addresses

Main article: Address

Payments are made to Bitcoin "addresses": human-readable strings of numbers and letters around 33 characters in length, always beginning with the digit 1 or 3, as in the example of 31uEbMgunupShBVTewXjtqbBv5MndwfXhb.

Users obtain new Bitcoin addresses from their Bitcoin software. Creating a new address can be a completely offline process and require no communication with the Bitcoin network. Web services often generate a new Bitcoin address for every user, allowing them to have their custom deposit addresses.[dubious?]

Transaction fees

Main article: Transaction fees

Transaction fees may be included with any transfer of Bitcoins. While it's technically possible to send a transaction with zero fee, {{#if: | {{{alt}}} | {{#ifeq: {{{lc}}} | | a | A }}s of {{#if: | {{#if:

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 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

       |{{#if:  {{{3}}} 
          |{{#if: {{#ifeq:|us||yes}}|{{#expr: {{{3}}} }} {{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} |{{#switch:{{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

|{{#switch:{{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr: {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} <0

  |{{#ifexpr:(( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)!=( {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )

   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+ {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)mod 12)+1}}

 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}|1=January|2=February|3=March|4=April|5=May|6=June|7=July|8=August|9=September|10=October|11=November|12=December|Incorrect required parameter 1=month!}}|Missing required parameter 1=month!}}|{{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} |{{#switch:{{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

|{{#switch:{{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr: {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} <0

  |{{#ifexpr:(( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)!=( {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )

   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+ {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)mod 12)+1}}

 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}|1=January|2=February|3=March|4=April|5=May|6=June|7=July|8=August|9=September|10=October|11=November|12=December|Incorrect required parameter 1=month!}}|Missing required parameter 1=month!}} {{#expr: {{{3}}} }},}} 2017 |{{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} |{{#switch:{{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

|{{#switch:{{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr: {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} <0

  |{{#ifexpr:(( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)!=( {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )

   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+ {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

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Confirmations

Main article: Confirmation

The network's software confirms a transaction when it records it in a block. Further blocks of transactions confirm it even further. After six confirmations/blocks, a transaction is confirmed beyond reasonable doubt.

The network must store the whole transaction history inside the blockchain, which grows constantly as new records are added and never removed. Nakamoto conceived that as the database became larger, users would desire applications for Bitcoin that didn't store the entire database on their computer. To enable this, the blockchain uses a merkle tree to organize the transaction records in such a way that client software can locally delete portions of its own database it knows it will never need, such as earlier transaction records of Bitcoins that have changed ownership multiple times.

Economics

Initial distribution

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 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:10<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((10)round 0)!=(10)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(10))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(10))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
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 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:10<0
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 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:10<0
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   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(10))round 0)mod 12)}}
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 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
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 |february|feb=2
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 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
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 |december|dec=12
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 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
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 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
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 |{{#ifexpr:10<0
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 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
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 |october|oct=10
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 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
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 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
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 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:10<0
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   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(10))round 0)mod 12)}}
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 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
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 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:10<0
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}}
|missing required parameter 1=month!

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 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr: {{#if:10
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 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
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 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:10<0
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   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(10))round 0)mod 12)}}
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 |october|oct=10
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 |{{#ifexpr:10<0
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 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
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   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} |{{#switch:{{#if: {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

|{{#switch:{{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr: {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} <0

  |{{#ifexpr:(( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)!=( {{#if:{{{2}}}

|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )

   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-( {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+ {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)mod 12)+1}}

 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}|1=January|2=February|3=March|4=April|5=May|6=June|7=July|8=August|9=September|10=October|11=November|12=December|Incorrect required parameter 1=month!}}|Missing required parameter 1=month!}} 2012 }}| 2012 }}}}{{#if:

             | ({{#ifeq: {{{7}}}|Z|UTC|{{{7}}}}})}} ({{#if:  2012 
 |  2012 {{#if:  {{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

    | -{{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}{{#if: {{{3}}}

       | -{{{3}}} }} }}{{#if: 
    | T{{{4}}}{{#if: 
       | :{{{5}}}{{#if: 
          | :{{{6}}} }} }} }} }}) | {{#if:  | {{#if:{{{2}}}|{{#switch:{{#if:{{{2}}}
|{{#switch:{{{2}}}
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:{{{2}}}<0
  |{{#ifexpr:(({{{2}}})round 0)!=({{{2}}})
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-({{{2}}}))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+{{{2}}})round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}|1=January|2=February|3=March|4=April|5=May|6=June|7=July|8=August|9=September|10=October|11=November|12=December|Incorrect required parameter 1=month!}}|Missing required parameter 1=month!}} }} 2012 }}}} required over one million times more work for confirming a block and receiving an award (25 BTC {{#if: | {{{alt}}} | {{#ifeq: on | on | a | A }}s of {{#if: | {{#if:

 |{{#if: 
    |{{{4}}}:{{{5}}}{{#if: 
                                                  |:{{{6}}} }}, }} }}{{#if:  2012 
    |{{#if:  {{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

       |{{#if:  {{{3}}} 
          |{{#if: {{#ifeq:|us||yes}}|{{#expr: {{{3}}} }} {{#if: {{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} |{{#switch:{{#if: {{#if:2

|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

|{{#switch:{{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr: {{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} <0

  |{{#ifexpr:(( {{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)!=( {{#if:2

|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )

   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-( {{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-( {{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} ))round 0)mod 12)}}

  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+ {{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)mod 12)+1}}

 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}|1=January|2=February|3=March|4=April|5=May|6=June|7=July|8=August|9=September|10=October|11=November|12=December|Incorrect required parameter 1=month!}}|Missing required parameter 1=month!}}|{{#if: {{#if:2

|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} |{{#switch:{{#if: {{#if:2

|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

|{{#switch:{{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|missing required parameter 1=month!

}}

 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr: {{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} <0

  |{{#ifexpr:(( {{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )round 0)!=( {{#if:2

|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
  |{{#ifexpr:((2)round 0)!=(2)
   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
   |{{#expr:12-(((11.5-(2))round 0)mod 12)}}
  }}
 |{{#expr:(((10.5+2)round 0)mod 12)+1}}
 }}
}}
|Missing required parameter 1=month!

}} )

   |{{#expr:12-(((0.5-( {{#if:2
|{{#switch:2
 |january|jan=1
 |february|feb=2
 |march|mar=3
 |apr|april=4
 |may=5
 |june|jun=6
 |july|jul=7
 |august|aug=8
 |september|sep|sept=9
 |october|oct=10
 |november|nov=11
 |december|dec=12
 |{{#ifexpr:2<0
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Those who chose to put computational and electrical resources toward mining early on had a greater chance at receiving awards for block generations. This served to make available enough processing power to process blocks. Indeed, without miners there are no transactions and the Bitcoin economy comes to a halt.

Exchange rate

Prices fluctuate relative to goods and services more than more widely accepted currencies; the price of a Bitcoin is not static.

In August 2012, 1 BTC traded at around $10.00 USD. Taking into account the total number of Bitcoins mined, the monetary base of the Bitcoin network stands at over 110 million USD.<ref>http://www.bitcoinwatch.com/ Bitcoin statistics</ref>

Anonymity

Main article: Anonymity & Security

Transactions

While using bitcoins is an excellent way to make your purchases, donations, and p2p payments, without losing money through inflated transaction fees, transactions are never truly anonymous. Buying Bitcoin you pass identification, Bitcoin transactions are stored publicly and permanently on the network, which means anyone can see the balance and transactions of any Bitcoin address. Bitcoin activities are recorded and available publicly via the blockchain, a comprehensive database which keeps a record of bitcoin transactions.

Buying/selling bitcoins

All exchanges require the user to scan ID documents, and large transactions must be reported to the proper governmental authority. When you use Bitcoin to pay for goods and services, you will of course need to provide your name and address to the seller for delivery purposes.

This means that a third party with an interest in tracking your activities can use your visible balance and ID information as a basis from which to track your future transactions or to study previous activity. In short, you have compromised your security and privacy.

In addition to conventional exchanges like Bitstamp, Bitfinex, Kraken and Coinable there are also Peer to peer exchanges like localbitcoins and Paxful. Peer to peer exchanges will often not collect KYC and identity information directly from users, instead they let the users handle KYC amongst themselves. These can often be a better alternative for those looking to purchase bitcoin quickly and without KYC delay.

Mixing services

Mixing services are used to avoid compromising of privacy and security. Mixing services provide to periodically exchange your bitcoins for different ones which cannot be associated with the original owner.

Security

See also: Weaknesses

In the history of bitcoin, there have been a few incidents, caused by problematic as well as malicious transactions. In the worst such incident, and the only one of its type, a person was able to pretend that he had a practically infinite supply of bitcoins, for almost 9 hours.

Bitcoin relies, among other things, on public key cryptography and thus may be vulnerable to quantum computing attacks if and when practical quantum computers can be constructed.

If multiple different software packages, whose usage becomes widespread on the Bitcoin network, disagree on the protocol and the rules for transactions, this could potentially cause a fork in the block chain, with each faction of users being able to accept only their own version of the history of transactions. This could influence the price of bitcoins.

A global, organized campaign against the currency or the software could also influence the demand for bitcoins, and thus the exchange price.

Bitcoin mining

Main article: Mining

Bitcoin mining nodes are responsible for managing the Bitcoin network.

Bitcoins are awarded to Bitcoin nodes known as "miners" for the solution to a difficult proof-of-work problem which confirms transactions and prevents double-spending. This incentive, as the Nakamoto white paper describes it, encourages "nodes to support the network, and provides a way to initially distribute coins into circulation, since no central authority issues them."<ref name="whitepaper" />

Nakamoto compared the generation of new coins by expending CPU time and electricity to gold miners expending resources to add gold to circulation.<ref name="whitepaper"/>

File:Cryptocurrency Mining Farm.jpg
Iceland is a good location for mining Bitcoin because of the natural cold temperature.

Node operation

The node software for the Bitcoin network is based on peer-to-peer networking, digital signatures and cryptographic proof to make and verify transactions. Nodes broadcast transactions to the network, which records them in a public record of all transactions, called the blockchain, after validating them with a proof-of-work system.

Satoshi Nakamoto designed the first Bitcoin node and mining software<ref name="processors">{{

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